Professor P Dean Gopalan

Biosketch

Current additional roles:

Professor Dean Gopalan is an active academic, clinician, researcher, teacher, and leader in the fields of anaesthesiology, critical care medicine and medical education.

• Member of School Management Committee: Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine
• Immediate past President of Critical Care Society of Southern Africa (CCSSA)
• Immediate past President of College of Anaesthetists of South Africa (CASA)
• Member of international Intensive & Critical Care Medicine Committee of WFSA
• Senator and board member of CMSA
• Chair of Education Committee of CMSA
• Member of Intercollegiate Committee of Critical Care of CMSA
• CMSA examiner& moderator
• Member of the KZN Registrar Steering Committee
• Member of the SA National Surgical, Obstetric, and Anaesthesia Plan (NSOAP) Task Team
• Executive Committee Member South African Society of Anaesthesiologists (SASA) – KZN Branch
• Advisor to College of Anaesthesia of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa (CANECSA)
• Associate Editor: South African Journal of Critical Care & Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Management

Professor Dean Gopalan is a proudly South African UKZN alumnus with a long record of association and service to his institution and country.

Research Interest
  • Critical Care,
  • Mitochondrial Dysfunction,
  • Medical Education
Publications
  • 2022

    1. Gokal N, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Is obesity a risk factor for increased perioperative blood loss following laparotomy? – A South African study. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 3(6), 8. https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v2i6.166

    2. Gopalan PD. Pathophysiology of sepsis. Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia. 2022;28(5 Suppl 1):S23-29 https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2022.28.5.2877

    3. King L, Mui OOY, Laupland K, Lefrant J-Y, Roberts J, Gopalan PD, Lipman J, Joynt GM for the CaBoOM investigators. Scoping review on diagnostic criteria and investigative approach in sepsis of unknown origin in critically ill patients. j intensive care 10, 44 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40560-022-00633-4

    4. Naidoo S, Kusel B, Gopalan PD. Upper airway obstruction and ventilator associated pneumonia following endotracheal intubation in paediatric cardiac surgical patients in a central referral hospital in South Africa. South Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2022;28(5):172-177
    https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2022.28.5.2808

    5. Broadhurst AGB, Botha C, Calligaro G, Lee C, Lalla U, Koegelenberg CFN, Gopalan PD, Joubert IA, Richards GA, Allwood BW. The optimal management of the patient with COVID‑19 pneumonia: HFNC, NIV/CPAP or mechanical ventilation? Afr J Thoracic Crit Care Med 2022;28(3):119-128. https://doi.org/10.7196/AJTCCM.2022.v28i3.241

    6. SASA Practice Guidelines 2022. South Afr J Anaesth Analg 2022; 28(4)Supplement

    7. Sanfilippo F, Dean Gopalan P, Hasanin A. The COVID-19 pandemic: A gateway between one world and the next! Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2022 Jul 22:101131. doi: 10.1016/j.accpm.2022.101131. Epub ahead of print.

    8. Lefrant JY, Pirracchio R, Benhamou D, Fischer MO, Njeim R, Allaouchiche B, Bastide S, Biais M, Bouvet L, Brissaud O, Brull SJ, Capdevila X, Clausen N, Cuvillon P, Dadure C, David JS, Du B, Einav S, Eley V, Forget P, Fujii T, Godier A, Gopalan DP, Hamada S, Hasanin A, Joannes-Boyau O, Kerever S, Kipnis É, Kolodzie K, Landau R, Le Gall A, Le Guen M, Legrand M, Lorne E, Mercier FJ, Mongardon N, Myatra S, Nicolas-Robin A, John Peters M, Quintard H, Rello J, Richebé P, Roberts JA, Rocquilly A, Sanfilippo F, Schneider A, Sofonea MT, Veyckemans F, Zetlaoui P, Zeidan A, Zieleskiewicz L, Zielinska M, Von Ungern-Sternberg B, Abou Arab O, Blet A, Bounes F, Boisson M, Caillard A, Carillion A, Clavier T, Frasca D, James A, Sigaut S, Rozencwajg S, Albaladejo P, Bouaziz H. Peace, not war in Ukraine or anywhere else, please. Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2022 Apr 20;41(3):101068. https://doi:10.1016/j.accpm.2022.101068 . Online ahead of print.

    9. Gasa M, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Preoperative platelet count in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery in a South African setting: Should we use international or local laboratory reference ranges for preoperative assessments? Surg Chron 2022: 27(1): 95-98.

    10. Gopalan PD, Daniel CH. The history of the College of Anaesthetists of South Africa. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2022;28(2):52-60. https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2022.28.2.2763

    11. Gopalan PD, de Castro A. Central Nervous System Neurophysiology. In Ganaw AEA, et al. eds.
    Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022. pp 19-40.
    ISBN 978-3-030-81332-1. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-81333-8

    2021


    12. Gopalan PD. These are the (β,α,δ) days of our lives … South Afr J Crit Care 2021:37(2):41-43. (editorial) DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2021.v37i2.507

    13. Lefrant JY, Pirracchio R, Benhamou D, Njeim R, Ausset S, Bastide S, Biais M, Bouvet L, Brissaud O, Brull SJ, Capdevila X, Cuvillon P, Dadure C, David JS, Bin D, Fischer MO, Forget P, Fujii T, Godier A, Gopalan DP, Hamada S, Joannes-Boyau O, Kerever S, Kipnis É, Kolodzie K, Landau R, Le Gall A, Le Guen M, Legrand M, Lonnqvist PA, Lorne E, Mercier F, Mongardon N, Nicolas-Robin A, Peters MJ, Quintard H, Rello J, Richebe P, Roberts JA, Rocquilly A, Schneider A, Veyckemans F, Zetlaoui P, Abou Arab O, Blet A, Bounes F, Boisson M, Caillard A, Carillon A, Clavier T, Frasca D, James A, Sigaut S, Rozencwajg S, Bouaziz H. 2021 adaptation of the editorial policy of Anaesthesia Critical Care and Pain Medicine (ACCPM). Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2021 Oct;40(5):100957. doi: 10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100957.

    14. Richards GA, Bentley A, Paruk F, Gopalan PD, Brannigan L. Is there a role for melatonin in the intensive care unit? South Afr J Crit Care 2021:37(2):77-82. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2021.v37i2.490
    Contribution: all aspects

    15. Biccard BM, Thomson D, Miller M, Taylor EH, Gopalan PD. Critically ill COVID-19 patients in Africa: it is time for quality registry data – Authors’ reply. Lancet 2021;398(10299):486-487.
    (correspondence)
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01545-2

    16. Biccard BM, Miller M, Michell WL, Thomson D, Ademuyiwa A, Aniteye E, Calligaro G, Chaibou MS, Dhufera HT, Elfagieh M, Elfiky M,Elhadi M, Fawzy M, Fredericks D, Gebre M, Bayih AG, Hardy A, Joubert I, Kifle F, Kluyts H-L, Macleod KDM, Mekonnen Z, Mer M, Morais A, Msosa V, Mulwafu W, Ndonga A, Ngumi Z, Omigbodun A, Owoo C, Paruk F, Piercy JL, Scribante J, Seman Y, Taylor EH, van Straaten DEA, Gopalan PD, on behalf of the ACCCOS Investigators. Patient care and clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to African high-care or intensive care units (ACCCOS): a multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study. Lancet 2021; 397: 1885–94.
    DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00441-4
    Contribution: Co-Principal Investigator

    17. Kalafatis NA, Somerville TE, Gopalan PD. Do South African anaesthesiology graduates consider themselves fit for purpose? A longitudinal study. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2021;27(2):1-6
    https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2021.27.2.2479
    Contribution: all aspects

    18. KM Chu, EO Owolabi, M Smith, TC Hardcastle, S Maswime, H Geduld, PD Gopalan, J Marco, M Mendelsohn, BM Biccard, L Cairncross. *on behalf of the South African National Surgery, Anaesthesia, Obstetrics Task Force. Establishing a South African National Framework for COVID-19 Surgical Prioritisation. S Afr Med J. 2021;111(5):426-43. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i5.15603
    Contribution: all aspects

    19. Gopalan PD, Pershad S. Identifying ICU Admission Decision Patterns In a ‘20-Questions Game’ Approach Using Network Analysis. SAJCC. South Afr J Crit Care 2021:37(1):27-36. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2021.v37i1.473
    Contribution: all aspects

    20. Thompson D, Joubert I, de Vasconcellos K, Paruk F, Mokgokong S, Mathivha R, McCulloch M, Morrow B, Baker D, Roussouw B, Mdladla N, Richards G, Welkovics N, Levy B, Coetzee I, Spruyt M, Ahmed N, Gopalan PD. South African Guidelines on the Determination of Death. S Afr Med J 2021;111(4b):367-380. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i4b.15200 | South Afr J Crit Care 2021;37(1b):41-54. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2021v37i1b.466
    Contribution: all aspects



    2020

    21. Bruce M Biccard, Malcolm Miller, William L Michell, David Thomson, Adesoji Ademuyiwa, Ernest
    Aniteye, Greg Calligaro, Hailu Tamiru Dhufera, Mohamed Elfagieh, Mahmoud Elfiky, Muhammed
    Elhadi, Maher Fawzy, David Fredericks, Meseret Gebre, Abebe Genetu Bayih, Anneli Hardy, Ivan
    Joubert, Fitsum Kifle, Hyla-Louise Kluyts, Kieran DM Macleod, Zelalem Mekonnen, Mervyn Mer,
    Akinyinka Omigbodun, Christian Owoo, Fathima Paruk, Jenna L Piercy, Juan Scribante, Yakob
    Seman, Elliott H Taylor, Dawid EA van Straaten, P. Dean Gopalan, on behalf of the ACCCOS
    Investigators. An African, multi-centre evaluation of patient care and clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to high-care or intensive care units. SSRN; 2020. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3707415.
    Contribution: Co-Principal Investigator

    Biccard BM, Miller MG, Michell WL, et al. An African, multi-centre evaluation of patient care and clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to high-care or intensive care units. SSRN 2020; published online Oct 22. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3707415 (preprint).

    22. Kalafatis NA, Somerville TE, Gopalan PD. Are South African anaesthesiologists fit for purpose? A comparison of opinions of graduates, teachers and examiners. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2020;26(6):272-278
    https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2020.26.6.2397
    Contribution: all aspects

    23. Morrow BM, Gopalan PD, Joubert I, Paruk F, Pope A. Critical Care Triage during the Covid-19 pandemic in South Africa – a constitutional imperative! S Afr Med J 2020;110(12):1176-1179. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i12.15411
    Contribution: all aspects

    24. Jayrajh SA, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Perioperative Blood Transfusion In South African Patients Undergoing Elective Open Abdominal Surgery – Incidence, Triggers And Impact On Postoperative Mortality. Surg Chron 2020:25(3): 221-224.
    Contribution: all aspects

    25. Wise RD, de Vasconcellos K, Gopalan PD, Ahmed N, Alli A, Joubert I, Kabambi KF, Mathiva LR, Mdladla N, Mer M, Miller M, Mrara B, Omar S, Paruk F, Richards GA, Skinner D, von Rahden R. Critical Care Society of Southern Africa adult patient blood management guidelines: 2019. Round-table meeting, CCSSA Congress, Durban, 2018. South Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):2-19. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.440
    Contribution: all aspects

    26. Gopalan PD, Joubert IA, Paruk F, Baker D, Coetzee I, de Vasconcellos K, Dolo LM, Levy BL, Morrow BM, Nel JM, Omar S, Piercy JL, Siebert RS, Veldsman L, on behalf of CCSSA. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa guidelines on the allocation of scarce critical care resources during the COVID-19 public health emergency in South Africa. S Afr Med J 2020;110(8):700-703. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i8.15000
    Contribution: all aspects

    27. Omar S, Baker D, Siebert R, Joubert I, Levy B, Paruk F, Gopalan PD. The role of laboratory testing in hospitalized COVID-19 positive patients. South Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):14-17. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.447
    Contribution: all aspects

    28. Gopalan PD, Pershad S, Pillay BJ. Decision-making in the ICU: An analysis of the ICU admission decision-making process using a ‘20 Questions’ approach. S Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):28-34. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.398
    Contribution: all aspects

    29. Gopalan PD. COVID-19: The greatest global critical care challenge of our time. South Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):4-5. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.448
    Contribution: all aspects

    30. Jadhunandan K. Moodley Y. Gopalan PD. Pre-operative anaemia in patients undergoing open intra-abdominal surgery at a South African tertiary hospital. South Afr J of Anaesth Analg. 2020; 26(1):21-26. (doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2020.26.1.2250)
    Contribution: all aspects

    31. O’Neill M, Gopalan PD. Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure Change: Proof of Concept for A Novel Approach to Objective Cough Assessment in Intubated Critically Ill Patients. Heart Lung. 2020:49(2);181-185. (DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2019.10.013)
    Contribution: all aspects


    2019


    32. Gopalan PD, de Vasconcellos K. Factors influencing the decisions to admit or refuse patients into a South African tertiary Intensive Care Unit. S Afr Med J. 2019;109(9):645-651. (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i9.13678)
    Contribution: all aspects

    33. Gopalan PD. Goldilocks and Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure Management … not too high, not too low, just right … S Afr J Crit Care. 2019;35(1):2-3. (editorial)
    (DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2019.v35i1.401)

    34. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Statement on ICU Triage and Rationing (ConICTri).
    S Afr Med J 2019;109(8):613-629.
    (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019v109i8.13947)
    Contribution: all aspects

    35. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Statement on ICU Triage and Rationing (ConICTri).
    S Afr J Crit Care. 2019;35(1):36-52.
    (doi.org/10.7196%2FSAJCC.2019.v35i1b.383)
    Contribution: all aspects

    36. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Guideline on ICU triage and rationing (ConICTri).
    S Afr Med J 2019;109(8):630-642.
    (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019v109i8.13947)
    Contribution: all aspects

    37. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Guideline on ICU triage and rationing (ConICTri).
    S Afr J Crit Care. 2019;35(1b):53-65.
    (DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2019.v35i1b.380)
    Contribution: all aspects

    38. Kalafatis NA, Somerville TE, Gopalan PD. Defining fitness for purpose in South African anaesthesiologists using a Delphi technique. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2019; 25(2):7-16.
    Contribution: all aspects

    39. Gopalan PD, Pershad S. Decision-making in ICU – A systematic review of factors considered important by ICU clinician decision makers with regard to ICU triage decisions. Journal of Critical Care. 2019 April;50:99-110.
    (DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.11.027)
    Contribution: all aspects


    2018

    40. Kalafatis N, Sommerville T, Gopalan P (2018): Fitness for purpose in anaesthesiology: a review, S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2018;24(6):148-154.
    (DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2018.1529857)
    Contribution: all aspects

    41. Ramburuth M, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Preoperative serum sodium measurements and postoperative inpatient mortality: A case-control analysis involving data from the South African Surgical Outcomes Study. S Afr Med J. 2018;108(10):847-851.
    (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i10.13178)

    42. Jaganath UV, de Vasconcellos K, Skinner DL, Gopalan D. An analysis of referrals to a level-3 intensive care unit in a resource- limited setting in South Africa. S Afr J Crit Care. 2018; 34(1)28. (
    abstract – conference proceedings)

    43. James MFM, Richards GA, Gopalan PD, Levin AI, Lundgren AC. Should hydroxyethyl starch be banned? Lancet, 2018;392:119. (letter)

    44. Gopalan PD. Handover of patients in the intensive care unit. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2018; 24(2):S15-S16.

    45. SASA Practice Guidelines 2018 Revision. Contributor.

    46. Verwey S, Gopalan PD. An investigation of barriers to the use of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist in theatres. S Afr Med J 2018;108(4):336-341. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i4.12780


    2017

    47. Wise R, de Vasconcellos K, Skinner DL, Rodseth, R; Gopalan, PD; Muckart, D; Banoo, Z; Bisseru, T; Blakemore, S; de Meyer, J; Faurie, M; Govender, K; Hardcastle, T; Jeena, P; Kalafatis, N; Kisten, T; Lee, C; Mitchell, C; Moodley, M; Morgan, M; Ramkilliwan, A; Robroch, A; Singh, S; von Rahden, R; Biccard, B. Outcomes 30 days after ICU admission: The 30DOS study. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2017; 23(6):139–144
    (doi.org/10.1080/22201181.2017.1402553)

    48. Shah N, Bhagwanjee S, Diaz J, Gopalan PD, Appiah JA, on behalf of the ACART group. A roadmap for acute care training of frontline Healthcare workers in LMICs. J Crit Care. 2017 Jul 12. pii: S0883-9441(17)30378-7.
    (doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2017.07.028.)
    49. Gqiba AL, Gopalan PD, Evans CA. Perceptions of final-year UKZN medical students about anaesthesia as a specialty choice, S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2017: 23:3, 72-75. (DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2017.1321862)

    50. Skinner DL, de Vasconcellos K, Wise RD, Esterhuizen, TM; Fourie, C; Goolam Mahomed, A; Gopalan, PD; Joubert, I; Kluyts, H; Mathivha, LR; Mrara, B; Pretorius, JP; Richards, G; Smith, O; Spruyt, MGL; Pearse, RM; Madiba, TE; Biccard, BM; on behalf of the South African Surgical Outcomes Study (SASOS) investigators. Critical care admission in South African surgical patients: results of the South African Surgical Outcomes Study. S Afr Med J. 2017;107(5):411-419.
    (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i5.11455)

    51. Devereaux PJ, Biccard BM, Sigamani A, Xavier D, Chan MTV, Srinathan SK, Walsh M, Abraham V, Pearse R, Wang CY, Sessler DI, Kurz A, Szczeklik W, Berwanger O, Villar JC, Malaga G, Garg AX, Chow CK, Ackland G, Patel A, Kessler Borges F, Belley-Cote EP, Duceppe E, Spence J, Tandon V, Williams C, Sapsford RJ, Polanczyk CA, Tiboni M, Alonso-Coello P, Faruqui A, Heels-Ansdell D, Lamy A, Whitlock R, LeManach Y, Roshanov PS, McGillion M, Kavsak P, McQueen MJ, Thabane L, Rodseth RN, Lurati Buse GA, Bhandari M, Garutti I, Jacka MJ, Schünemann HJ, Lucía Cortes O, Coriat P, Dvirnik N, Botto F, Pettit S, Jaffe AS, Guyatt GH, on behalf of the Vascular Events in Noncardiac Surgery Patients cohort evaluation (VISION) Study Investigators. Association of postoperative high-sensitivity troponin levels with myocardial injury and 30-day mortality among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. JAMA. 2017; 317: 1642-1651. (VISION Study Investigators: South Africa: Durban: Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital: Bruce Biccard, Hussein Cassimjee, Dean Gopalan, Theroshnie Kisten, Aine Mugabi, Prebashini Naidoo, Rubeshan Naidoo, Reitze Rodseth, David Skinner, Alex Torborg.)
    (doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.4360.)

    52. Gopalan PD. Is the hype on medical marijuana all smoke and mirrors? S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2017; 23(1)(Supplement 1):S77-79.
    (DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2016.1234664)

    2016

    53. De Castro A, Gopalan PD. Intraoperative management of ETT and LMA cuff pressures: a survey of anaesthetists’ knowledge, attitude and current practice. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016; 22(5):151–155.
    (DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2016.1234664)

    54. Invernizzi JRR, Gopalan PD. Post-operative neuromuscular function following non-depolarising muscle blockade in patients at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016 22(4):121–124.
    (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22201181.2016.1201293)

    55. BM Biccard, RN Reitze, L Cronje, P Agaba, E Chikumba, L Du Toit, Z Farina, S Fischer, PD Gopalan, K Govender, J Kanjee, AC Kingwill, F Madzimbamuto, D Mashava, B Mrara, M Mudely, E Ninise, J Swanevelder, A Wabule. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of preoperative surgical safety checklists to improve perioperative outcomes. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016;106(6):592-597. (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i6.9863)

    56. B M Biccard, C S Alphonsus, D G Bishop, L Cronje, H-L Kluyts, B Kusel, S Maswime, R Oodit, A R Reed, A M Torborg, R Wise; on behalf of the South African Perioperative Research Group national research priority-setting working group. National priorities for perioperative research in South Africa. S Afr Med J 2016;106(5):485-488.
    (SAPORG national research priority-setting working group: T S Adams, G R Alexander, N L Allorto, C S Alphonsus, K Bester, B M Biccard, D G Bishop, C B Businge, J F Cardoso, S Chetty, E Coetzee, J F Coetzee, L Cronje, R A Duys, R A Dyer, Z Farina, M Flint, L M Fombad, P D Gopalan, R M Gray, T C Hardcastle, R Harrichandparsad, N D Hauser, M F M James, M A Jaworska, T Kisten, H-L Kluyts, M Z Koto, B S Kusel, G L Laing, C-A Lee, A I Levin, R L Llewellyn, T E Madiba, I A Maré, S Maswime, M G A Miller, D Mohr, S Z Molaoa, L F Montoya-Pelaez, Z Moolla, S T Mtshali, A L Myburgh, P H Navsaria, D C Nel, R Oodit, A R Reed, G Richards, D G D Richards, R N Rodseth, F Roodt, N F Rorke, C C Rout, D L Skinner, O Smith, S Spijkerman, S A Strachan, J L C Swanevelder, A Thotharam, A M Torborg, E W Turton, A van Niekerk, R P von Rahden, A Vorster, R D Wise.)
    (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i5.10269)

    57. Naidu S, Gopalan PD. The informed consent process for anaesthesia: Perspectives of elective surgical patients at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban, South Africa. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016; 22(2):60–64.
    (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22201181.2016.1157963)


    2015 AND PRIOR

    58. Bruce M Biccard,Thandinkosi E Madiba, Rupert M Pearse, Panagiotis Alexandris, Dhaneshwar Rohanlal Bhagwandass, Ken D Boffard, Geoffrey A Buga, Estie Cloete, Andre Coetzee, Larissa Cronje, Adupa Dhaffala, Bart Johannes Diedericks, Roelof Stephanus du Toit, Tonya Marianne Esterhuizen, Cate Fourie, P Dean Gopalan, Franco Guidozzi, Russell William Hewson, Andreas Hoeft, Ivan Joubert, Delawir Kahn, Michael Klipin, Hyla-Louise Kluyts, Zach Koto, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque, Aina Christina Lundgren, Rhoderick Machekano, L Rudo Mathivha, Taole R Mokoena, Sam Monokoane, Rui Moreno, David Francis Morrell, Busisiwe Mrara, Meshack Ntlhe, Eduard E Oosthuizen, Sats S Pillay, Jan P Pretorius, Arthur Rantloane, Andrew Rhodes, Guy Richards, Reitze Rodseth, Motshedisi Sebitloane, Martin Smith, Sandra Spijkerman, Maryke Geertruida Louise Spruyt, Justiaan Swanevelder, Haynes van der Merwe, Brian Leigh Warren, Paul Hendrik Wessels, on behalf of the South African Surgical Outcomes Study (SASOS) investigators.* The South African Surgical Outcomes Study: a 7 day prospective observational cohort study. S Afr Med J 2015;105(6):465-475.

    59. Memela ME, Gopalan PD. Variations in endotracheal tube cuff pressure: Is 8-hourly monitoring enough? S Afr J Crit Care 2014; 30(2):35-40.

    60. Moodley T, Gopalan PD. Airway skills training using a human patient simulator. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2014; 20(3):147-151.

    61. DJJ Muckart. Dean Gopalan, Timothy Hardcastle, Eric Hodgson. Palliative Care: Definition of Euthanasia. S Afr Med J. April 2014; 104(4): 259-60. (Correspondence)

    62. Botto F, Alonso-Coello P, Chan MTV, et al (on behalf of the Vascular Events In Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation (VISION) Study Investigators). Myocardial Injury after Noncardiac Surgery: A large international prospective cohort study establishing diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors and 30-day outcomes. Anesthesiology. 2014; 120:564-78. (investigator)

    63. T C Hardcastle, M Stander, N Kalafatis, R E Hodgson, D Gopalan. External patient temperature control in emergency centres, trauma centres, intensive care units and operating theatres: A multi-society literature review. S Afr Med J. 2013: 103(9):609-611.

    64. Timothy Craig Hardcastle, Melanie Stander, R Eric Hodgson, Dean Gopalan, Nicky Kalafatis. Temperature regulation in emergency, surgical and critical care. S Afr Med J. 2013;103(9):598. (Correspondence)

    65. R Eric Hodgson, Guy Richards, A Christina Lundgren, Maryke Spruyt, Jan P Pretorius, L Rudo Mathiva, Roger Dickerson, P Dean Gopalan, Michael F M James, Ivan A Joubert, Jenna L Piercy, Andy Parrish, Mark Blockman. Starch Safety in Resuscitation. S Afr Med J. 2013;103(9):591-595 (Correspondence)

    66. Samuel RA, Gopalan PD, Coovadia Y, Samuel R. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 3: Decontamination procedures. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(4):204-211.

    67. Samuel RA, Gopalan PD, Coovadia Y, Samuel R. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 2: Equipment Contamination. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(3):146-151.

    68. Naidu S, Gopalan PD. The perspectives of eThekwini public service anaesthetic doctors on the informed consent process for anaesthesia. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(2):96-101.

    69. Samuel RA, Gopalan PD, Coovadia Y, Samuel R. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 1: Unsafe injection practices among anaesthetists. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(1):68-70.

    70. Devereaux PJ, et al. For the Vascular Events in Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation. Association Between Postoperative Troponin Levels and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA 2012;307(21) 2295-2304.

    71. Rodseth RN, Gopalan PD. Toxicology. In Milner A, Welch A eds. Applied Pharmacology in Anaesthesiology and Critical Care. Centurion, South Africa: Medpharm Publications (Pty) Ltd. 2012: 707-723.

    72. Pather S, Loadsman JA, Gopalan PD, Rao A, Philp S, Carter J. The role of transversus abdominis plane blocks in women undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy: A retrospective review. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011 Dec;51(6):544-7.
    (doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2011.01369.x.)

    73. Gopalan PD. What’s new in critical care. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2011;17(2):198-199.

    74. Gopalan PD. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2011;17(2):193-195.

    75. Blakemore SJ, Gopalan PD. Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009: A case series from intensive care units in Port Shepstone, South Africa. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2010;16(3):17-22.

    76. Rodseth RN, Gopalan PD, Cassimjee HM, Goga S. Postoperative nausea and vomiting in an African population: incidence, risk factors and utility of a simplified scoring system. Anesth Analg. 2010 June; 110(6): 1591-1594.

    77. Kalafatis NA, Gopalan PD, Swe Swe-Han K. Outcomes of patients with abdominal tuberculosis in an intensive care unit. Minerva Anestesiologica 2009; 75 (7-8) Suppl 2: 69. (abstract)

    78. Bhagwanjee S, Scribante J, Council of the Critical Care Society of Southern Africa (incl Gopalan PD) National audit of critical care resources:How long before we act? Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 2008;24(1):4-6 (editorial)

    79. Brink A, Feldman C, Duse A, Gopalan D, Grolman D, Mer M, Naicker S, Paget G, Perovic O, Richards G. Guideline for the Management of Nosocomial Infections in South Africa. S Afr Med J. 2006; 96(7): 641-652.

    80. Kalafatis NA, Gopalan PD, van Staden M. Intra-hospital transport of the Critically ill patient. Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 2005;21(1):59-60 (abstract)

    81. Gopalan PD. An approach to the patient suspected of having a hospital-acquired infection. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection. 2005;20(2):46-48.

    82. Gopalan PD, Muckart DJJ. The critically ill obstetric patient. What’s the score? International
    J Obstet Anesth. 2004;13 (3):144-45. (editorial)

    83. Critical Care Society of South Africa Working Group: GA Richards, S Bhagwanjee, A Argent, N Fouche, PD Gopalan, D Grolman, J Kilian, RL Mathivha, M Mer, L Michell, S Mokgokong, R Raine, H van Rensburg, M Spruyt. . Severe sepsis and the role of novel therapeutic agents. Position statement of the Critical Care Society of South Africa on severe sepsis and the role of novel therapeutic agents such as drotrecogin alfa (activated) S Afr Med J. 2003; 93(6): 416-417.

    84. Gopalan PD, Burrows RC. Critical Care of the Vascular Surgery Patient. Critical Care Clinics. 2003;
    19 (1): 109-125.

    85. Singh U, Gopalan PD, Rocke DA. Anesthesia for the patient with severe pre-eclampsia. In: Belfort M,
    et al, eds. Hypertension in Pregnancy. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc. 2003: 339-69.

    86. Biccard BM, Gopalan PD. Phaeochromocytoma and acute myocardial infarction. Anaesth Intens Care. 2002; 30: 74-76.

    87. Hodgson RE, Gopalan PD, Burrows RC. The effect of cricoid pressure on the success of lightwand intubation with the “Surch lite”. Anesthesiology. 2001;94:259-62.

    88. Gopalan PD, Bhagwanjee S. Utilisation of Resources: How efficiently is the Surgical ICU at King Edward VIII Hospital Functioning? S Afr Med J. 1998; 88(11):1452 (abstract).

    89. Gopalan PD, Bhagwanjee S. A comparison of the Cost of Intensive Care in the Private and Public Sector. S Afr Med J. 1998; 88(11):1453 (abstract).

    90. Gopalan PD, Bhagwanjee S, Burrows RC. Referral patterns of Two Intensive Care Units in the Greater Durban Area. S Afr Med J. 1998; 88(11):1452 (abstract).

    91. Gopalan PD. Noise : the modern terror. Fiat Lux. 1981 Dec; 2: p18,19,25.
P_Gopalan

Prof PD Gopalan

Head of Discipline & Chief Specialist
Tel: +27 (0)31 260 4615
E-mail: Gopalan@ukzn.ac.za

Campus /HospitalNelson R Mandela School of Medicine
Research InterestsCritical Care, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, Medical Education
Campus /HospitalHead of Discipline & Chief Specialist
DesignationHead of Discipline & Chief Specialist
BiosketchCurrent additional roles:

Professor Dean Gopalan is an active academic, clinician, researcher, teacher, and leader in the fields of anaesthesiology, critical care medicine and medical education.

• Member of School Management Committee: Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine
• Immediate past President of Critical Care Society of Southern Africa (CCSSA)
• Immediate past President of College of Anaesthetists of South Africa (CASA)
• Member of international Intensive & Critical Care Medicine Committee of WFSA
• Senator and board member of CMSA
• Chair of Education Committee of CMSA
• Member of Intercollegiate Committee of Critical Care of CMSA
• CMSA examiner& moderator
• Member of the KZN Registrar Steering Committee
• Member of the SA National Surgical, Obstetric, and Anaesthesia Plan (NSOAP) Task Team
• Executive Committee Member South African Society of Anaesthesiologists (SASA) – KZN Branch
• Advisor to College of Anaesthesia of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa (CANECSA)
• Associate Editor: South African Journal of Critical Care & Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Management

Professor Dean Gopalan is a proudly South African UKZN alumnus with a long record of association and service to his institution and country.

ResearchGate Profile
List of PublicationsPUBLICATION LIST Prof PD GOPALAN


2022

1. Gokal N, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Is obesity a risk factor for increased perioperative blood loss following laparotomy? – A South African study. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 3(6), 8. https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v2i6.166

2. Gopalan PD. Pathophysiology of sepsis. Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia. 2022;28(5 Suppl 1):S23-29 https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2022.28.5.2877

3. King L, Mui OOY, Laupland K, Lefrant J-Y, Roberts J, Gopalan PD, Lipman J, Joynt GM for the CaBoOM investigators. Scoping review on diagnostic criteria and investigative approach in sepsis of unknown origin in critically ill patients. j intensive care 10, 44 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40560-022-00633-4

4. Naidoo S, Kusel B, Gopalan PD. Upper airway obstruction and ventilator associated pneumonia following endotracheal intubation in paediatric cardiac surgical patients in a central referral hospital in South Africa. South Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2022;28(5):172-177
https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2022.28.5.2808

5. Broadhurst AGB, Botha C, Calligaro G, Lee C, Lalla U, Koegelenberg CFN, Gopalan PD, Joubert IA, Richards GA, Allwood BW. The optimal management of the patient with COVID‑19 pneumonia: HFNC, NIV/CPAP or mechanical ventilation? Afr J Thoracic Crit Care Med 2022;28(3):119-128. https://doi.org/10.7196/AJTCCM.2022.v28i3.241

6. SASA Practice Guidelines 2022. South Afr J Anaesth Analg 2022; 28(4)Supplement

7. Sanfilippo F, Dean Gopalan P, Hasanin A. The COVID-19 pandemic: A gateway between one world and the next! Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2022 Jul 22:101131. doi: 10.1016/j.accpm.2022.101131. Epub ahead of print.

8. Lefrant JY, Pirracchio R, Benhamou D, Fischer MO, Njeim R, Allaouchiche B, Bastide S, Biais M, Bouvet L, Brissaud O, Brull SJ, Capdevila X, Clausen N, Cuvillon P, Dadure C, David JS, Du B, Einav S, Eley V, Forget P, Fujii T, Godier A, Gopalan DP, Hamada S, Hasanin A, Joannes-Boyau O, Kerever S, Kipnis É, Kolodzie K, Landau R, Le Gall A, Le Guen M, Legrand M, Lorne E, Mercier FJ, Mongardon N, Myatra S, Nicolas-Robin A, John Peters M, Quintard H, Rello J, Richebé P, Roberts JA, Rocquilly A, Sanfilippo F, Schneider A, Sofonea MT, Veyckemans F, Zetlaoui P, Zeidan A, Zieleskiewicz L, Zielinska M, Von Ungern-Sternberg B, Abou Arab O, Blet A, Bounes F, Boisson M, Caillard A, Carillion A, Clavier T, Frasca D, James A, Sigaut S, Rozencwajg S, Albaladejo P, Bouaziz H. Peace, not war in Ukraine or anywhere else, please. Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2022 Apr 20;41(3):101068. https://doi:10.1016/j.accpm.2022.101068 . Online ahead of print.

9. Gasa M, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Preoperative platelet count in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery in a South African setting: Should we use international or local laboratory reference ranges for preoperative assessments? Surg Chron 2022: 27(1): 95-98.

10. Gopalan PD, Daniel CH. The history of the College of Anaesthetists of South Africa. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2022;28(2):52-60. https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2022.28.2.2763

11. Gopalan PD, de Castro A. Central Nervous System Neurophysiology. In Ganaw AEA, et al. eds.
Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022. pp 19-40.
ISBN 978-3-030-81332-1. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-81333-8

2021


12. Gopalan PD. These are the (β,α,δ) days of our lives … South Afr J Crit Care 2021:37(2):41-43. (editorial) DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2021.v37i2.507

13. Lefrant JY, Pirracchio R, Benhamou D, Njeim R, Ausset S, Bastide S, Biais M, Bouvet L, Brissaud O, Brull SJ, Capdevila X, Cuvillon P, Dadure C, David JS, Bin D, Fischer MO, Forget P, Fujii T, Godier A, Gopalan DP, Hamada S, Joannes-Boyau O, Kerever S, Kipnis É, Kolodzie K, Landau R, Le Gall A, Le Guen M, Legrand M, Lonnqvist PA, Lorne E, Mercier F, Mongardon N, Nicolas-Robin A, Peters MJ, Quintard H, Rello J, Richebe P, Roberts JA, Rocquilly A, Schneider A, Veyckemans F, Zetlaoui P, Abou Arab O, Blet A, Bounes F, Boisson M, Caillard A, Carillon A, Clavier T, Frasca D, James A, Sigaut S, Rozencwajg S, Bouaziz H. 2021 adaptation of the editorial policy of Anaesthesia Critical Care and Pain Medicine (ACCPM). Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2021 Oct;40(5):100957. doi: 10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100957.

14. Richards GA, Bentley A, Paruk F, Gopalan PD, Brannigan L. Is there a role for melatonin in the intensive care unit? South Afr J Crit Care 2021:37(2):77-82. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2021.v37i2.490
Contribution: all aspects

15. Biccard BM, Thomson D, Miller M, Taylor EH, Gopalan PD. Critically ill COVID-19 patients in Africa: it is time for quality registry data – Authors’ reply. Lancet 2021;398(10299):486-487.
(correspondence)
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01545-2

16. Biccard BM, Miller M, Michell WL, Thomson D, Ademuyiwa A, Aniteye E, Calligaro G, Chaibou MS, Dhufera HT, Elfagieh M, Elfiky M,Elhadi M, Fawzy M, Fredericks D, Gebre M, Bayih AG, Hardy A, Joubert I, Kifle F, Kluyts H-L, Macleod KDM, Mekonnen Z, Mer M, Morais A, Msosa V, Mulwafu W, Ndonga A, Ngumi Z, Omigbodun A, Owoo C, Paruk F, Piercy JL, Scribante J, Seman Y, Taylor EH, van Straaten DEA, Gopalan PD, on behalf of the ACCCOS Investigators. Patient care and clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to African high-care or intensive care units (ACCCOS): a multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study. Lancet 2021; 397: 1885–94.
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00441-4
Contribution: Co-Principal Investigator

17. Kalafatis NA, Somerville TE, Gopalan PD. Do South African anaesthesiology graduates consider themselves fit for purpose? A longitudinal study. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2021;27(2):1-6
https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2021.27.2.2479
Contribution: all aspects

18. KM Chu, EO Owolabi, M Smith, TC Hardcastle, S Maswime, H Geduld, PD Gopalan, J Marco, M Mendelsohn, BM Biccard, L Cairncross. *on behalf of the South African National Surgery, Anaesthesia, Obstetrics Task Force. Establishing a South African National Framework for COVID-19 Surgical Prioritisation. S Afr Med J. 2021;111(5):426-43. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i5.15603
Contribution: all aspects

19. Gopalan PD, Pershad S. Identifying ICU Admission Decision Patterns In a ‘20-Questions Game’ Approach Using Network Analysis. SAJCC. South Afr J Crit Care 2021:37(1):27-36. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2021.v37i1.473
Contribution: all aspects

20. Thompson D, Joubert I, de Vasconcellos K, Paruk F, Mokgokong S, Mathivha R, McCulloch M, Morrow B, Baker D, Roussouw B, Mdladla N, Richards G, Welkovics N, Levy B, Coetzee I, Spruyt M, Ahmed N, Gopalan PD. South African Guidelines on the Determination of Death. S Afr Med J 2021;111(4b):367-380. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i4b.15200 | South Afr J Crit Care 2021;37(1b):41-54. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2021v37i1b.466
Contribution: all aspects



2020

21. Bruce M Biccard, Malcolm Miller, William L Michell, David Thomson, Adesoji Ademuyiwa, Ernest
Aniteye, Greg Calligaro, Hailu Tamiru Dhufera, Mohamed Elfagieh, Mahmoud Elfiky, Muhammed
Elhadi, Maher Fawzy, David Fredericks, Meseret Gebre, Abebe Genetu Bayih, Anneli Hardy, Ivan
Joubert, Fitsum Kifle, Hyla-Louise Kluyts, Kieran DM Macleod, Zelalem Mekonnen, Mervyn Mer,
Akinyinka Omigbodun, Christian Owoo, Fathima Paruk, Jenna L Piercy, Juan Scribante, Yakob
Seman, Elliott H Taylor, Dawid EA van Straaten, P. Dean Gopalan, on behalf of the ACCCOS
Investigators. An African, multi-centre evaluation of patient care and clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to high-care or intensive care units. SSRN; 2020. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3707415.
Contribution: Co-Principal Investigator

Biccard BM, Miller MG, Michell WL, et al. An African, multi-centre evaluation of patient care and clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to high-care or intensive care units. SSRN 2020; published online Oct 22. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3707415 (preprint).

22. Kalafatis NA, Somerville TE, Gopalan PD. Are South African anaesthesiologists fit for purpose? A comparison of opinions of graduates, teachers and examiners. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2020;26(6):272-278
https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2020.26.6.2397
Contribution: all aspects

23. Morrow BM, Gopalan PD, Joubert I, Paruk F, Pope A. Critical Care Triage during the Covid-19 pandemic in South Africa – a constitutional imperative! S Afr Med J 2020;110(12):1176-1179. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i12.15411
Contribution: all aspects

24. Jayrajh SA, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Perioperative Blood Transfusion In South African Patients Undergoing Elective Open Abdominal Surgery – Incidence, Triggers And Impact On Postoperative Mortality. Surg Chron 2020:25(3): 221-224.
Contribution: all aspects

25. Wise RD, de Vasconcellos K, Gopalan PD, Ahmed N, Alli A, Joubert I, Kabambi KF, Mathiva LR, Mdladla N, Mer M, Miller M, Mrara B, Omar S, Paruk F, Richards GA, Skinner D, von Rahden R. Critical Care Society of Southern Africa adult patient blood management guidelines: 2019. Round-table meeting, CCSSA Congress, Durban, 2018. South Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):2-19. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.440
Contribution: all aspects

26. Gopalan PD, Joubert IA, Paruk F, Baker D, Coetzee I, de Vasconcellos K, Dolo LM, Levy BL, Morrow BM, Nel JM, Omar S, Piercy JL, Siebert RS, Veldsman L, on behalf of CCSSA. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa guidelines on the allocation of scarce critical care resources during the COVID-19 public health emergency in South Africa. S Afr Med J 2020;110(8):700-703. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i8.15000
Contribution: all aspects

27. Omar S, Baker D, Siebert R, Joubert I, Levy B, Paruk F, Gopalan PD. The role of laboratory testing in hospitalized COVID-19 positive patients. South Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):14-17. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.447
Contribution: all aspects

28. Gopalan PD, Pershad S, Pillay BJ. Decision-making in the ICU: An analysis of the ICU admission decision-making process using a ‘20 Questions’ approach. S Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):28-34. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.398
Contribution: all aspects

29. Gopalan PD. COVID-19: The greatest global critical care challenge of our time. South Afr J Crit Care 2020;36(1):4-5. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2020.v36i1.448
Contribution: all aspects

30. Jadhunandan K. Moodley Y. Gopalan PD. Pre-operative anaemia in patients undergoing open intra-abdominal surgery at a South African tertiary hospital. South Afr J of Anaesth Analg. 2020; 26(1):21-26. (doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2020.26.1.2250)
Contribution: all aspects

31. O’Neill M, Gopalan PD. Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure Change: Proof of Concept for A Novel Approach to Objective Cough Assessment in Intubated Critically Ill Patients. Heart Lung. 2020:49(2);181-185. (DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2019.10.013)
Contribution: all aspects


2019


32. Gopalan PD, de Vasconcellos K. Factors influencing the decisions to admit or refuse patients into a South African tertiary Intensive Care Unit. S Afr Med J. 2019;109(9):645-651. (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i9.13678)
Contribution: all aspects

33. Gopalan PD. Goldilocks and Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure Management … not too high, not too low, just right … S Afr J Crit Care. 2019;35(1):2-3. (editorial)
(DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2019.v35i1.401)

34. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Statement on ICU Triage and Rationing (ConICTri).
S Afr Med J 2019;109(8):613-629.
(DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019v109i8.13947)
Contribution: all aspects

35. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Statement on ICU Triage and Rationing (ConICTri).
S Afr J Crit Care. 2019;35(1):36-52.
(doi.org/10.7196%2FSAJCC.2019.v35i1b.383)
Contribution: all aspects

36. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Guideline on ICU triage and rationing (ConICTri).
S Afr Med J 2019;109(8):630-642.
(DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019v109i8.13947)
Contribution: all aspects

37. Joynt GM; Gopalan PD; Argent A; Chetty S; Wise R; Lai VKW; Hodgson E; Lee A; Joubert I; Mokgokong S; Tshukutsoane S; Richards GA; Menezes C; Mathivha LR; Espen B; Levy B; Asante K; Paruk F. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa Consensus Guideline on ICU triage and rationing (ConICTri).
S Afr J Crit Care. 2019;35(1b):53-65.
(DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2019.v35i1b.380)
Contribution: all aspects

38. Kalafatis NA, Somerville TE, Gopalan PD. Defining fitness for purpose in South African anaesthesiologists using a Delphi technique. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2019; 25(2):7-16.
Contribution: all aspects

39. Gopalan PD, Pershad S. Decision-making in ICU – A systematic review of factors considered important by ICU clinician decision makers with regard to ICU triage decisions. Journal of Critical Care. 2019 April;50:99-110.
(DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.11.027)
Contribution: all aspects


2018

40. Kalafatis N, Sommerville T, Gopalan P (2018): Fitness for purpose in anaesthesiology: a review, S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2018;24(6):148-154.
(DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2018.1529857)
Contribution: all aspects

41. Ramburuth M, Moodley Y, Gopalan PD. Preoperative serum sodium measurements and postoperative inpatient mortality: A case-control analysis involving data from the South African Surgical Outcomes Study. S Afr Med J. 2018;108(10):847-851.
(DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i10.13178)

42. Jaganath UV, de Vasconcellos K, Skinner DL, Gopalan D. An analysis of referrals to a level-3 intensive care unit in a resource- limited setting in South Africa. S Afr J Crit Care. 2018; 34(1)28. (
abstract – conference proceedings)

43. James MFM, Richards GA, Gopalan PD, Levin AI, Lundgren AC. Should hydroxyethyl starch be banned? Lancet, 2018;392:119. (letter)

44. Gopalan PD. Handover of patients in the intensive care unit. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2018; 24(2):S15-S16.

45. SASA Practice Guidelines 2018 Revision. Contributor.

46. Verwey S, Gopalan PD. An investigation of barriers to the use of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist in theatres. S Afr Med J 2018;108(4):336-341. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i4.12780


2017

47. Wise R, de Vasconcellos K, Skinner DL, Rodseth, R; Gopalan, PD; Muckart, D; Banoo, Z; Bisseru, T; Blakemore, S; de Meyer, J; Faurie, M; Govender, K; Hardcastle, T; Jeena, P; Kalafatis, N; Kisten, T; Lee, C; Mitchell, C; Moodley, M; Morgan, M; Ramkilliwan, A; Robroch, A; Singh, S; von Rahden, R; Biccard, B. Outcomes 30 days after ICU admission: The 30DOS study. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2017; 23(6):139–144
(doi.org/10.1080/22201181.2017.1402553)

48. Shah N, Bhagwanjee S, Diaz J, Gopalan PD, Appiah JA, on behalf of the ACART group. A roadmap for acute care training of frontline Healthcare workers in LMICs. J Crit Care. 2017 Jul 12. pii: S0883-9441(17)30378-7.
(doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2017.07.028.)
49. Gqiba AL, Gopalan PD, Evans CA. Perceptions of final-year UKZN medical students about anaesthesia as a specialty choice, S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2017: 23:3, 72-75. (DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2017.1321862)

50. Skinner DL, de Vasconcellos K, Wise RD, Esterhuizen, TM; Fourie, C; Goolam Mahomed, A; Gopalan, PD; Joubert, I; Kluyts, H; Mathivha, LR; Mrara, B; Pretorius, JP; Richards, G; Smith, O; Spruyt, MGL; Pearse, RM; Madiba, TE; Biccard, BM; on behalf of the South African Surgical Outcomes Study (SASOS) investigators. Critical care admission in South African surgical patients: results of the South African Surgical Outcomes Study. S Afr Med J. 2017;107(5):411-419.
(DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i5.11455)

51. Devereaux PJ, Biccard BM, Sigamani A, Xavier D, Chan MTV, Srinathan SK, Walsh M, Abraham V, Pearse R, Wang CY, Sessler DI, Kurz A, Szczeklik W, Berwanger O, Villar JC, Malaga G, Garg AX, Chow CK, Ackland G, Patel A, Kessler Borges F, Belley-Cote EP, Duceppe E, Spence J, Tandon V, Williams C, Sapsford RJ, Polanczyk CA, Tiboni M, Alonso-Coello P, Faruqui A, Heels-Ansdell D, Lamy A, Whitlock R, LeManach Y, Roshanov PS, McGillion M, Kavsak P, McQueen MJ, Thabane L, Rodseth RN, Lurati Buse GA, Bhandari M, Garutti I, Jacka MJ, Schünemann HJ, Lucía Cortes O, Coriat P, Dvirnik N, Botto F, Pettit S, Jaffe AS, Guyatt GH, on behalf of the Vascular Events in Noncardiac Surgery Patients cohort evaluation (VISION) Study Investigators. Association of postoperative high-sensitivity troponin levels with myocardial injury and 30-day mortality among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. JAMA. 2017; 317: 1642-1651. (VISION Study Investigators: South Africa: Durban: Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital: Bruce Biccard, Hussein Cassimjee, Dean Gopalan, Theroshnie Kisten, Aine Mugabi, Prebashini Naidoo, Rubeshan Naidoo, Reitze Rodseth, David Skinner, Alex Torborg.)
(doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.4360.)

52. Gopalan PD. Is the hype on medical marijuana all smoke and mirrors? S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2017; 23(1)(Supplement 1):S77-79.
(DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2016.1234664)

2016

53. De Castro A, Gopalan PD. Intraoperative management of ETT and LMA cuff pressures: a survey of anaesthetists’ knowledge, attitude and current practice. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016; 22(5):151–155.
(DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2016.1234664)

54. Invernizzi JRR, Gopalan PD. Post-operative neuromuscular function following non-depolarising muscle blockade in patients at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016 22(4):121–124.
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22201181.2016.1201293)

55. BM Biccard, RN Reitze, L Cronje, P Agaba, E Chikumba, L Du Toit, Z Farina, S Fischer, PD Gopalan, K Govender, J Kanjee, AC Kingwill, F Madzimbamuto, D Mashava, B Mrara, M Mudely, E Ninise, J Swanevelder, A Wabule. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of preoperative surgical safety checklists to improve perioperative outcomes. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016;106(6):592-597. (DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i6.9863)

56. B M Biccard, C S Alphonsus, D G Bishop, L Cronje, H-L Kluyts, B Kusel, S Maswime, R Oodit, A R Reed, A M Torborg, R Wise; on behalf of the South African Perioperative Research Group national research priority-setting working group. National priorities for perioperative research in South Africa. S Afr Med J 2016;106(5):485-488.
(SAPORG national research priority-setting working group: T S Adams, G R Alexander, N L Allorto, C S Alphonsus, K Bester, B M Biccard, D G Bishop, C B Businge, J F Cardoso, S Chetty, E Coetzee, J F Coetzee, L Cronje, R A Duys, R A Dyer, Z Farina, M Flint, L M Fombad, P D Gopalan, R M Gray, T C Hardcastle, R Harrichandparsad, N D Hauser, M F M James, M A Jaworska, T Kisten, H-L Kluyts, M Z Koto, B S Kusel, G L Laing, C-A Lee, A I Levin, R L Llewellyn, T E Madiba, I A Maré, S Maswime, M G A Miller, D Mohr, S Z Molaoa, L F Montoya-Pelaez, Z Moolla, S T Mtshali, A L Myburgh, P H Navsaria, D C Nel, R Oodit, A R Reed, G Richards, D G D Richards, R N Rodseth, F Roodt, N F Rorke, C C Rout, D L Skinner, O Smith, S Spijkerman, S A Strachan, J L C Swanevelder, A Thotharam, A M Torborg, E W Turton, A van Niekerk, R P von Rahden, A Vorster, R D Wise.)
(DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i5.10269)

57. Naidu S, Gopalan PD. The informed consent process for anaesthesia: Perspectives of elective surgical patients at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban, South Africa. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2016; 22(2):60–64.
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22201181.2016.1157963)


2015 AND PRIOR

58. Bruce M Biccard,Thandinkosi E Madiba, Rupert M Pearse, Panagiotis Alexandris, Dhaneshwar Rohanlal Bhagwandass, Ken D Boffard, Geoffrey A Buga, Estie Cloete, Andre Coetzee, Larissa Cronje, Adupa Dhaffala, Bart Johannes Diedericks, Roelof Stephanus du Toit, Tonya Marianne Esterhuizen, Cate Fourie, P Dean Gopalan, Franco Guidozzi, Russell William Hewson, Andreas Hoeft, Ivan Joubert, Delawir Kahn, Michael Klipin, Hyla-Louise Kluyts, Zach Koto, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque, Aina Christina Lundgren, Rhoderick Machekano, L Rudo Mathivha, Taole R Mokoena, Sam Monokoane, Rui Moreno, David Francis Morrell, Busisiwe Mrara, Meshack Ntlhe, Eduard E Oosthuizen, Sats S Pillay, Jan P Pretorius, Arthur Rantloane, Andrew Rhodes, Guy Richards, Reitze Rodseth, Motshedisi Sebitloane, Martin Smith, Sandra Spijkerman, Maryke Geertruida Louise Spruyt, Justiaan Swanevelder, Haynes van der Merwe, Brian Leigh Warren, Paul Hendrik Wessels, on behalf of the South African Surgical Outcomes Study (SASOS) investigators.* The South African Surgical Outcomes Study: a 7 day prospective observational cohort study. S Afr Med J 2015;105(6):465-475.

59. Memela ME, Gopalan PD. Variations in endotracheal tube cuff pressure: Is 8-hourly monitoring enough? S Afr J Crit Care 2014; 30(2):35-40.

60. Moodley T, Gopalan PD. Airway skills training using a human patient simulator. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2014; 20(3):147-151.

61. DJJ Muckart. Dean Gopalan, Timothy Hardcastle, Eric Hodgson. Palliative Care: Definition of Euthanasia. S Afr Med J. April 2014; 104(4): 259-60. (Correspondence)

62. Botto F, Alonso-Coello P, Chan MTV, et al (on behalf of the Vascular Events In Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation (VISION) Study Investigators). Myocardial Injury after Noncardiac Surgery: A large international prospective cohort study establishing diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors and 30-day outcomes. Anesthesiology. 2014; 120:564-78. (investigator)

63. T C Hardcastle, M Stander, N Kalafatis, R E Hodgson, D Gopalan. External patient temperature control in emergency centres, trauma centres, intensive care units and operating theatres: A multi-society literature review. S Afr Med J. 2013: 103(9):609-611.

64. Timothy Craig Hardcastle, Melanie Stander, R Eric Hodgson, Dean Gopalan, Nicky Kalafatis. Temperature regulation in emergency, surgical and critical care. S Afr Med J. 2013;103(9):598. (Correspondence)

65. R Eric Hodgson, Guy Richards, A Christina Lundgren, Maryke Spruyt, Jan P Pretorius, L Rudo Mathiva, Roger Dickerson, P Dean Gopalan, Michael F M James, Ivan A Joubert, Jenna L Piercy, Andy Parrish, Mark Blockman. Starch Safety in Resuscitation. S Afr Med J. 2013;103(9):591-595 (Correspondence)

66. Samuel RA, Gopalan PD, Coovadia Y, Samuel R. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 3: Decontamination procedures. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(4):204-211.

67. Samuel RA, Gopalan PD, Coovadia Y, Samuel R. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 2: Equipment Contamination. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(3):146-151.

68. Naidu S, Gopalan PD. The perspectives of eThekwini public service anaesthetic doctors on the informed consent process for anaesthesia. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(2):96-101.

69. Samuel RA, Gopalan PD, Coovadia Y, Samuel R. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 1: Unsafe injection practices among anaesthetists. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2013;19(1):68-70.

70. Devereaux PJ, et al. For the Vascular Events in Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation. Association Between Postoperative Troponin Levels and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA 2012;307(21) 2295-2304.

71. Rodseth RN, Gopalan PD. Toxicology. In Milner A, Welch A eds. Applied Pharmacology in Anaesthesiology and Critical Care. Centurion, South Africa: Medpharm Publications (Pty) Ltd. 2012: 707-723.

72. Pather S, Loadsman JA, Gopalan PD, Rao A, Philp S, Carter J. The role of transversus abdominis plane blocks in women undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy: A retrospective review. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011 Dec;51(6):544-7.
(doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2011.01369.x.)

73. Gopalan PD. What’s new in critical care. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2011;17(2):198-199.

74. Gopalan PD. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2011;17(2):193-195.

75. Blakemore SJ, Gopalan PD. Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009: A case series from intensive care units in Port Shepstone, South Africa. S Afr J Anaesth Analg. 2010;16(3):17-22.

76. Rodseth RN, Gopalan PD, Cassimjee HM, Goga S. Postoperative nausea and vomiting in an African population: incidence, risk factors and utility of a simplified scoring system. Anesth Analg. 2010 June; 110(6): 1591-1594.

77. Kalafatis NA, Gopalan PD, Swe Swe-Han K. Outcomes of patients with abdominal tuberculosis in an intensive care unit. Minerva Anestesiologica 2009; 75 (7-8) Suppl 2: 69. (abstract)

78. Bhagwanjee S, Scribante J, Council of the Critical Care Society of Southern Africa (incl Gopalan PD) National audit of critical care resources:How long before we act? Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 2008;24(1):4-6 (editorial)

79. Brink A, Feldman C, Duse A, Gopalan D, Grolman D, Mer M, Naicker S, Paget G, Perovic O, Richards G. Guideline for the Management of Nosocomial Infections in South Africa. S Afr Med J. 2006; 96(7): 641-652.

80. Kalafatis NA, Gopalan PD, van Staden M. Intra-hospital transport of the Critically ill patient. Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 2005;21(1):59-60 (abstract)

81. Gopalan PD. An approach to the patient suspected of having a hospital-acquired infection. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection. 2005;20(2):46-48.

82. Gopalan PD, Muckart DJJ. The critically ill obstetric patient. What’s the score? International
J Obstet Anesth. 2004;13 (3):144-45. (editorial)

83. Critical Care Society of South Africa Working Group: GA Richards, S Bhagwanjee, A Argent, N Fouche, PD Gopalan, D Grolman, J Kilian, RL Mathivha, M Mer, L Michell, S Mokgokong, R Raine, H van Rensburg, M Spruyt. . Severe sepsis and the role of novel therapeutic agents. Position statement of the Critical Care Society of South Africa on severe sepsis and the role of novel therapeutic agents such as drotrecogin alfa (activated) S Afr Med J. 2003; 93(6): 416-417.

84. Gopalan PD, Burrows RC. Critical Care of the Vascular Surgery Patient. Critical Care Clinics. 2003;
19 (1): 109-125.

85. Singh U, Gopalan PD, Rocke DA. Anesthesia for the patient with severe pre-eclampsia. In: Belfort M,
et al, eds. Hypertension in Pregnancy. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc. 2003: 339-69.

86. Biccard BM, Gopalan PD. Phaeochromocytoma and acute myocardial infarction. Anaesth Intens Care. 2002; 30: 74-76.

87. Hodgson RE, Gopalan PD, Burrows RC. The effect of cricoid pressure on the success of lightwand intubation with the “Surch lite”. Anesthesiology. 2001;94:259-62.

88. Gopalan PD, Bhagwanjee S. Utilisation of Resources: How efficiently is the Surgical ICU at King Edward VIII Hospital Functioning? S Afr Med J. 1998; 88(11):1452 (abstract).

89. Gopalan PD, Bhagwanjee S. A comparison of the Cost of Intensive Care in the Private and Public Sector. S Afr Med J. 1998; 88(11):1453 (abstract).

90. Gopalan PD, Bhagwanjee S, Burrows RC. Referral patterns of Two Intensive Care Units in the Greater Durban Area. S Afr Med J. 1998; 88(11):1452 (abstract).

91. Gopalan PD. Noise : the modern terror. Fiat Lux. 1981 Dec; 2: p18,19,25.

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